Recession Repression Regression: Bailiffs

New Labour push on with empowering bailiffs with greater state sanctioned violence. The proposals, first floated in February, now seem likely as the government reaction to recession is to bailout financiers while giving the mechanism for house repossession greater legal protection over use of force-

The Government may increase the powers of debt collectors despite concerns that the industry is poorly controlled. The new rules, allowable under legislation already passed by Parliament but not yet enacted, would give bailiffs the right to restrain or pin down householders.

Bailiffs are expecting a big increase in business over the next year as tens of thousands of Britons experience financial problems during the forthcoming recession. The Council of Mortgage Lenders has forecast that 75,000 homes will be repossessed next year and hundreds of thousands of people are expected to be pursued for unpaid debts.

Ministers are now consulting on whether to increase the range of powers available to bailiffs under the law. They are currently only able to use force in self defence. The circumstances under which bailiffs can break into people’s homes may also be widened. At the moment, guidelines only allow homes being broken into when the owner is suspected of being inside.

The Government insists that any new powers would be overseen by an industry watchdog. Bailiffs would also be barred from searching people’s pockets or forcibly removing jewellery.

They have repeated the idea this would only occur within the context of greater regulation of the industry, however the legislation covering force is already passed yet bailiffs remain poorly regulated and no reforms are currently before parliament. So Mr Fib is visiting perhaps. Justin @ Chicken/Turkey Yoghurt has it right –

You could call this another front in New Labour’s war on the poor but the thing is, they way things are going right now, the number of people who could end up on the receiving end of this is growing by the day. It’ll probably take a nice, respectable white middle-class stockbroker, who’s down on his luck and has photogenic children, to be killed or seriously injured before people realise that this isn’t just about keeping the underclass nervous.

There are also a couple of good comments in The Times page on this-

May I suggest, then, as a way of defense, that you all arm yourselves. I know we get a lot of flak from the world because Americans are so violent. It’s true. However, anyone breaking into my house to take my possessions for any reason will not leave the house in the same condition he came in.
Willow, Oregon, USA

We need to organise volunatary rapid-reaction bailiff response teams.
These people would provide a physical barrier for the property and being private, uninvoled citizens, could not be assaulted by the bankers thugs without redress. We have to take back our liberty.
Paul, Birmingham, England

Both good, while the community reaction is probably the best long term proposal, I shed zero tears for bailiffs, as before the joke goes- Russians have a word for how to deal with them- Kalashnikov.

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Utter Scum, Loan Shark Purnell

WP ate my post apparently, not happy, unless it pops up again, in its absence see HarpyMarx for the Loan Shark disgrace.

Pug Faced Teddy Boy 70’s Throwback Declares Class War


Not content with voting for Trident, student fees, further NHS privatisation, ID cards, the Iraq war, covering up the lies of the Iraq war and 42 day & indefinite detention -take a breath- Pug Faced Teddy Boy 70’s Throwback James ‘Photoshop‘ Purnell (you just know he masturbates to Sweeney box sets) declares class war on those most evilist of scum…mothers of toddlers. Part of his wider New Labour brief of privatising social security and reducing entitlement- “Some people say we should be slowing down because of the economic downturn. I passionately believe we should be doing the opposite.

Wanker, I guess he takes The Shock Doctrine as an instruction manual.

The government will announce further stringent welfare reforms today which would force lone parents with children aged one or more to prepare themselves for work or face benefit sanctions.

The proposals, likely to provoke a confrontation in tomorrow’s Queen’s speech, represent a further extension of the government’s responsibilities agenda. Ministers already faced a backlash over aspects of the planned welfare reform bill as lobbyists argued plans to tighten sanctions and give private contractors a bigger role in job placement, should be shelved in view of the recession.

But James Purnell, the work and pensions secretary, will defy critics when he publishes a review prepared by the academic Paul Gregg that will propose all lone parents with children as young as one should be required to make themselves ready for work.

The government proposed in a green paper in July to make it a requirement for lone parents with children aged seven or more to seek work, proposals that had already led to a backlash. It is estimated there are 600,000 lone parents with children aged under seven.

Gregg is to propose a new category of benefit claimants – the progression to work group – who he says should face clearer state requirements to make themselves ready for work.

The Department for Work and Pensions said this group would include lone parents with children as young as one, partners of people on benefits with children under seven and incapacity benefit claimants deemed to be capable of work.

This group, before they are actually ready to actively seek work, would be expected to address debt, confidence or health problems, as well as taking on work and skills training. Young mothers might also be required to make inquiries about access to childcare in their locality.

“Sanctions would only apply to those who refuse to take steps to be job-ready that have been jointly agreed with their personal advisers in Job Centres”, said a DWP official.

From 2010 many of these advisers would be employed by the private sector or charities.

Capitalism Will Eat Itself

Indeed, analysts warn that the nation’s next financial crisis could come from the staggering cost of battling the current one.

Might be a problem that, d’you think? Also what does that sound like? Reminds me of the accelerating health crises of an addict nearing bottom. However the rich will not suffer, we will for their systematic failures. The games up but the trickle up aspect is so useful for the ruling class to hoard for the future it will be kept going. Economics schools still churning out assimilated clones of corporatism, the lure of power, jobs and approval by authority keeping security forces and the military in recruits. Now I’m not up for that, I really think those responsible should be responsible, rich people call such a simple demand class war from unwashed envious plebs. And it’s important the goons in uniforms buy that so they will break heads reliably. Which is why stuff like this conservative praising Obama for essentially being conservative -and every fool many ‘progressives’ included, clap at the pragmatism and nonideological nature of his team- is those responsible celebrating yet another free pass as they consolidate into safe positions (food, water, land) ahead of among other things credit default swaps reaching critical mass (well done Blythe Masters!).

So once again avoiding their comeuppance and we haven’t even got to the torturers yet. Or put it another way, you might be losing your job or your welfare buys even less food, but Tom Friedman will not be losing his house even as he blames you for his denuded capital-


Trickle -Charging- Up

Energy suppliers make some of their biggest profits from their poorest customers, a watchdog has said. Firms make about half a billion pounds a year in extra charges from prepayment meters, Consumer Focus estimates. About 1,000 prepayment meters a day are being installed in households where people have got into debt over their energy bills, it says.

Industry body the Energy Retail Association says many people like the meters because they help them budget. But the industry is now under pressure from the regulator, Ofgem, to cut the prepayment tariffs. Consumer Focus says some customers are being forced to use prepayment meters. It said energy firms are using customers who pay by prepayment meter to subsidise customers who can get the cheapest deals.

Capital never rests or Corporations never cease trying to fuck you over. Go on, meet some corporate drone at a party, get ’em talking and find out what particular way they screw the world in the name of profit, then they sadly shake their head and say -but I’ve got a mortgage to pay- they shrug, and life goes on, dog eating dog. Why not vote in a teevee dancing or singing competition, that’ll help.

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You Neon

While trying to find some more information on the Union of Good to see what the story is behind-

(Reuters) – The U.S. Treasury Department on Wednesday named an Islamic charity as a group aiding Hamas militants in the Middle East and prohibited Americans from dealing with the Union of Good organization.

Google threw up some of the usual Islamophobic sites and white supremacists (no try and be shocked the Bush regime line up with them), but in a totally off tangent set of results some Human Resource sites that display management’s utter prejudice against unions-

From organized labor’s legislative agenda (in the form of the Employee Free Choice Act), to corporate campaigns designed to damage employers, all the way to public pressure to sign neutrality agreements, unions today are going way beyond simple card signing in their effort to represent your employees. No longer willing to wait for employees to seek representation, they’re using any and all means necessary to gain members.

What’s a smart company to do? Research organized labor’s legislative agenda and, more specifically, find out if you’re a target (the unions often post their organizing targets online). One of the best ways to establish and maintain excellent employee relationships is to begin communicating with every newly hired team member.

“Communicate your union-free philosophy from day one,” says Walter Orechwa, CEO of employee communications company, Projections, Inc. “It could be as simple as a paragraph to a more in depth business approach. Positive employee relations go a long way toward avoiding the issues that can lead to a union getting its foot in the door.” According to Orechwa, 99 percent of Projections’ clients that have produced an Orientation video remain union-free.

The fear and bigotry is almost comedic if it weren’t for the reality of poverty for billions of people while such a thing as billionaire’s exist, ho hum.

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Spot The Odd One Out

  • Oil giant Royal Dutch Shell today joined the profits bonanza from record prices with a 71 per cent jump in third-quarter earnings. The firm made a mammoth 10.9 billion US dollars (£6.6 billion) between July and September – a period when oil prices hit a peak above 147 dollars a barrel.
  • U.S. banks getting more than $163 billion from the Treasury Department for new lending are on pace to pay more than half of that sum to their shareholders, with government permission, over the next three years. The government said it was giving banks more money so they could make more loans. Dollars paid to shareholders don’t serve that purpose, but Treasury officials say that suspending quarterly dividend payments would have deterred banks from participating in the voluntary program.
  • Economy shrinks as consumers cut back on spending…the Labor Department reported Thursday that applications for unemployment benefits remained at an elevated level last week, another sign of the economy’s struggles.

We’re being strip-mined.

Neoliberalism’s Priorities

Mr Chris Floyd-

Let’s say it again: The money was there all along.

  • Money to build and generously equip thousands and thousands of new schools, with well-paid, exquisitely trained teachers, small teacher-pupil ratios, a full range of enriching and inspiring programs.
  • Money to revitalize the nation’s crumbling inner cities, making them safe and vibrant places for businesses and families and communities to grow.
  • Money to provide decent, affordable and accessible health care to every citizen, to provide dignity and comfort to the elderly, and protection and humane treatment for the mentally ill.
  • Money to provide affordable higher education to everyone who wanted it and could qualify for it. Money to help establish and sustain local businesses and family farms, centered in and on the local community, driven by the needs and knowledge of the people in the area, and not by the dictates of distant corporations.
  • Money to strengthen crumbling infrastructure, to repair bridges, shore up levies, maintain roads and electric grids and sewage systems.
  • Money for affordable, workable public transport systems, for the pursuit of alternative sources of energy, for sustainable, sensible development, for environmental restoration.
  • Money to support free inquiry in science, technology, health and other areas — research unfettered from the war machine and the drive for corporate profit, and instead devoted to the betterment of human life.
  • Money to support culture, learning, continuing education, libraries, theater, music and the endless manifestations of the human quest to gain more meaning, more understanding, more enlightenment, a deeper, spiritually richer life.

The money for all of this — and much, much more — was there, all along. When they said we couldn’t have these things, they were lying — or else allowing themselves to be profitably duped by the high priests of the market cult. When they wanted a trillion dollars — or three trillion dollars — to wage a war of aggression in Iraq, they found it. Now, when they want trillions of dollars to save the speculators, fraudsters and profiteers of greed in the global market, they suddenly have it.

Who then can believe that these governments could not have found the money for good schools, health care, and all the rest, that they could not have enhanced the well-being and livelihood of millions of ordinary citizens, and helped create a more just and equitable and stable world — if they had wanted to?

This is one of the main facts that ordinary citizens around the world should take away from this crisis: the money to maintain, secure and improve the lives of their families and communities was always there — but their governments, and their political parties, made a deliberate, unforced choice not to use it for the common good. Instead, they subjugated the well-being of the world to the dictates of an extremist cult. A cult of greed and privilege, that preached iron discipline to the poor and the middle-class, but released the rich and powerful from all restrictions, and all responsibility for their actions.

Incompetent & Vulgar

Not only can’t the rich run their own system for making themselves rich, they have no taste-

Swiss luxury accessories brand DEOS launched these diamond-encrusted covers designed for iPod and iPhone earbuds. Prices for these handcrafted covers, which slip on earbuds, start at $4,500, for black and white diamond versions, climbing to $60,000 for earbuds dripping with pink, yellow or black diamonds. Sure, they cost more than the actual device. Which is why some of the models, like the DEOS 32W, which has a full carat of diamonds and costs $5,000, comes with a complimentary Shuffle.

You see whatever the crisis, there is still plenty of money for certain people.

Lifestyles of The Rich & Powerful

(ht2 the Guy James show) But rarely are their relationships as famous as they should be. An interesting article but if soft plays the class and power dynamics. Below are the filleted bites that detail just some of the intimate sexual relationships that form some of the media/political class of the Empire (a similar exercise would reveal the same results elsewhere). Why were the lies about Iraq’s WMD’s so successful? Because an establishment cannot credit fellow members with being utterly criminal. There will be no impeachment, no war crimes trials. A tribe will not threaten its own survival even if the cost is the values it likes to think it embodies. And a very wealthy tribe at that, we can be reasonably sure none work for minimum wage. Also this only deals in straight marriages, the gay relationships are still discreetly unmentioned as the ruling class is fundamentally conservative and not happy with basic human rights.

There was New York Times reporter Judith Miller, who’d once shared a home with the late Les Aspin, at various times a congressman, defense secretary, and Miller source. There was Washington Post reporter Walter Pincus, spouse of Ann Terry Pincus, a onetime director of the Office of Research at the United States Information Agency, a position to which she was appointed by Bill Clinton. There was John Dickerson of Time, married to Anne Dickerson, a onetime news producer who now specializes in media coaching for advocacy groups. And NBC’s David Gregory: he’s the husband of Beth Wilkinson, general counsel for Fannie Mae; they met when she was prosecuting Timothy McVeigh and Gregory was reporting on the case. And there was Time’s Matthew Cooper, married to Mandy Grunwald, onetime media specialist for Bill Clinton and current ad guru for Hillary Clinton. As for Bob Woodward, who’d learned about Plame several weeks earlier, he is married to New Yorker writer Elsa Walsh.

Some, like NBC’s Andrea Mitchell and former Federal Reserve chief Alan Greenspan, get lots of attention. Many, like Scooter Libby and Harriet Grant, onetime Democratic staff lawyer for the Senate Judiciary Committee, get something in between.

neoconservative scholar Robert Kagan, husband of Victoria Nuland, current ambassador to NATO.

Over here by the miniature quiches is Jim O’Beirne, who, as White House liaison to the Pentagon, according to the Washington Post, screened staff for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq, and here’s his wife, National Review writer Kate O’Beirne.

Read the rest of this entry »

Bolivia, Race & Class

Via Otto @ Inca Kola News an essential article- Racism, Domination and Revolution in Bolivia by Adolfo Gilly– on the deep cultural roots of what is emerging and the racial and class dynamics so ignored by our media, as Otto says ‘If you are reminded while reading of the situation in Apartheid-era South Africa and the industrialized nations’ attitudes towards the black majority movement at that time, I wouldn’t be surprised.’ A wee excerpt [full article here]-

That dividing line is sharp and deep in Bolivia. It is not only a class domination, although that does exist. It is above all about a racial domination that was shaped in the colonial times and reaffirmed in the ogliarchic Republic from 1825 onwards.

In that domination, being a full citizen means being white or an assimilated mestizo. To become a citizen, an Indian must stop being Indian and see themselves and be seen as being white; break from their concrete historical community, that of the Aymaras, the Quechuas, the Guaraníes or another one of the many indigenous Bolivian communities; and enter as a newly-arrived subordinate into the abstract community of the citizens of the Republic. The Indian does not expect that the Republic will change and be like his people. Instead, it is required that these people change their men and women, renounce their identity and their history and be like the Republic of the whites, the rich, the eucated, the Spanish-speakers – where, for everyone else, the inerasable color of their skin will forever condemn them (those men and women) to second-class citizenship. That is the nature of this domination.

The strength of the revolution taking place in Bolizia is supported by an ancient civiliation, invisible in the law but one that persists in the languages, customs, belief, relationships of solidarities and communities, both rural and urban. The dominated brown-skinned people were not brought from other lands. There were there before, they were and they continue to be the native civilization. The filmmaker Jorge Sanginés, in an unforgettable film, called it “The Clandestine Nation.” Guillermo Bonfil named it “Deep Mexico: A Civilization Denied.” Following in their steps, I have named it “a subaltern civilization” in my book, “Historia a contrapelo.”

Clandestine, denied or subaltern, the social and cultural framework of those native civilizations appears at the moment of organizing the uprisings and the rebellions of their heirs and bearers, because those rebellions and uprisings are roots as deep as the root of racial domination.

Sarkozy’s War On Artistic Expression

Somehow this media courting fellow whose conservative shtick makes him aces with the rest of the world’s elites escapes scrutiny for his base authoritarianism (there’s a clue there about where neoliberalism is leading). It also helps he’s got a pretty new wife (and let’s be clear she is a daughter of wealth and privilege, enough with the fairy tale) a supposedly creative person (in the same way lots of rich kids get to be writers, artists, musicians…ahem) has not however stood up for freedom of expression and denounced her little Nicky.

On March 5, 2003, the door bell rang at the home of the French rapper Mohamed Bourokba, known as Hamé, and a bailiff informed him that the government was suing him for libel. The signature under the written complaint was familiar: Nicolas Sarkozy, then interior minister and now president of France. Five years, two appeals and countless hearings later, Hamé was acquitted Tuesday. Barring a petition to the final court of appeal by the government by Friday, the latest verdict brings to an end one of France’s most protracted and symbolic libel cases.

The length of the legal battle has raised the question of what freedom of speech really means in France. It also touches on the reputation and power of a president who has not shied even from suing a journalist perceived to be hostile – and whose tense relationship with youths in the suburbs has been a thread running through his political career.

It all started in April 2002, when Hamé’s group, La Rumeur, released its first album, and with it a magazine. Inside, the rapper had written an article accusing the police of acting with impunity in their treatment of immigrants and their descendants.

“The reports of the Interior Ministry will never acknowledge the hundreds of our brothers killed by the police without any of the murderers being held to account,” wrote Hamé, now 32, whose parents came from Algeria in the 1950s.

“The reality is that living in our neighborhoods today means you have a greater chance of experiencing economic abandon, of psychological vulnerability, of discrimination in the job market, of unstable housing, of regular police humiliations,” he wrote.

Sarkozy wrote a letter to the public prosecutor in July 2002, requesting that Hamé be sued. A year later the suit was formalized. Accused of “public libel against the national police,” Hamé was first acquitted in a trial court in 2004 and again in an appeals court in 2006. Then the Interior Ministry took the case to the top court of appeal, demanding that the judges annul the earlier verdict and arrange a second appeal. This time it won: In July 2007, not three months after Sarkozy had become president, the top appeals court ordered another appeals court in Versailles to rule again.

“I fear that the government cares less about the verdict and more about the deterrent created by a lengthy court case,” said Gwénaële Calvès, a professor of law and civil liberties specialist. “They are signaling that they don’t tolerate a certain type of criticism.”

Half a dozen rappers have been sued by the Interior Ministry and politicians over the past decade, according to Hamé’s lawyer, Dominique Tricaud, who has defended most of them.

The group Ministère AMER, in the 1990s, rapped about “sacrificing a pig.” More recently, the rapper Sniper sang about his mission to “exterminate ministers and fascists.” Most of them were acquitted. But none of their cases went beyond the first appeal.

What this is in part about is the continuing suppression of the history of fascists & racists and their roles in Paris, former Police Chief Maurice Papon for example who worked for the Nazis during the war and later as Police Chief oversaw the massacre of 200 Algerians, some of their bodies thrown in the Seine, in 1961.

It’s amazing what being a pro-corporate short arse with a MILF-y wife (or running mate) will get you in the media, a rock star level of attention and zero scrutiny of your political roots and context. At least Sarko’s fictional version got what was coming to him in Banlieue 13.

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We’re After Your Money Not The Bank’s

I’m not sure whether this should be considered the second great robbery of the century or merely the continuation of the armed robbery begun in Iraq, not only is the Bush regime about to effectively steal the public’s money and give it the global financial parasites, it is encouraging other governments to do the same. The debts will be used as a rationale for cutting welfare, health spreading and expanding privatisation and further moving towards a feudal retrogression, this is the shock doctrine, a massive shock allowing extreme measures to be pushed through. The mistake is to think they are incompetent and didn’t see this coming, this was warned of 8 years ago, certainly greed, machismo and risk taking egotism played a role. But the situation we’re now at has been obvious for some time, this ‘bail out’ and dictatorial powers being given to Paulson are not some knee jerk panic. This is public money being redistributed upward into private hands and democratic control being removed from the treasury. They are pointing a gun in your face and they are taking your money and for generations to come, in Iraq they pulled the trigger quite often, here murder is not as necessary because a stupefied public do not have the slightest idea they are about to be conned on an unprecedented level. It will mean that without major social upheaval and finally forcefully taking back the stolen capital from the rich future politics will be entirely right wing, indeed they are bringing about the end of history through stealing our possibilities of a future. Do not be confused by govt/private in this, this is the wealthy who run both the private sector and government stealing the public’s money, conservative corporate politicians of both parties have hijacked government to use as a tool for their objectives. It doesn’t mean government is bad, that was the scam to reduce regulation that prepared the way for this (and the previous S&L con, again under a GOP regime and Bush’s profited incidentally) but corrupt government run only for the elite is a tool of oppression, (that’s why by and for the people is the important bit and why authoritarian Christianists pretend Under God is the important piece even though they got it added only a few decades ago) and why over the years strategies to strangle unions and atomise opposition with scape-goating of minorities were pursued (as well as the innate racism of many). The government now has combat hardened/traumatised soldiers to fill its security apparatus and with a choice between starving on the street and cracking some heads, positions will be filled. The future will be easy, you will have choice, serve at the elite’s table or fight in their imperial wars or emulate their sociopath predation well enough and you might become one. Universal healthcare? Forget it, Jesus will ease your pain if you deserve his help (ie. you can pay, all praise the prosperity gospel). Dismantling the imperial war machine of industry and government? And lose the only profit centre in the nation, what are you, a terrorist? Decent education? How much do you need learn to hate those that are different and shoot/imprison/taser them or clean a mansions myriad bathrooms or dance around a pole with your bits on show?

Enjoy this cut of DJ Shadow mixing it with Heat, of course the irony here is the robbery is not of a bank by people it is by the banks/corporate government from the people, federal insurance will not cover the debts society will be paying for decades to come and the ultra rich will have Blackwater to deal with any uppity lefties. I would advise you to start studying up, I don’t think this will be solved amicably. Will Obama buckle under, this moment tells you what actual hope (or lack thereof) there might be in the future. If he does not tell his party to block this his position of lesser of two evils gets…lesser.

PS. This mislead about also paying off non US banks gives the game away, it is to help the elite not the people of any country. This will not help any Europeans or Americans it will help the rich, nationalism is used to obscure the truth of class war and this move is to push the Bush scam on other governments all sold in a haze of demagogued American outrage at sponging foreigners. If other governments do not go along they will be painted as scroungers, this is an imperial economic & political ploy to save the capital of a transnational elite. America should reject this plan as should every other nation, it rewards the perpetrators of the crash and leaves us indebted for generations further pushing a global corporate extreme right wing agenda of destroying (social) democracy.

Class War Jnr.

A ground-breaking agreement to allow state school pupils to join cadet forces in some of Britain’s most elite private schools is to be announced this month. Six of the country’s top fee-paying schools – including City of London boys’ school and Highgate – have agreed to open up their Combined Cadet Forces to neighbouring state schools.

The move is designed to give more pupils a taste of army life and follows a call from the Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, for more state schools to set up their own army corps to give their pupils more of a sense of discipline. All six schools involved in the first tranche are in London, but the scheme will be extended nationwide if successful.

This desperately calls for a re-imagining of if…. learn tactics, get access to the weapons, then…stop taking orders off the toffs.

The Soldier in Recession

The new Homeland Army force-

But this new mission marks the first time an active unit has been given a dedicated assignment to NorthCom, a joint command established in 2002 to provide command and control for federal homeland defense efforts and coordinate defense support of civil authorities.

They may be called upon to help with civil unrest and crowd control or to deal with potentially horrific scenarios such as massive poisoning and chaos in response to a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or high-yield explosive, or CBRNE, attack.

The 1st BCT’s soldiers also will learn how to use “the first ever nonlethal package that the Army has fielded,” 1st BCT commander Col. Roger Cloutier said, referring to crowd and traffic control equipment and nonlethal weapons designed to subdue unruly or dangerous individuals without killing them.

Should remember what the ruling class really thinks of them-

By 4:45 P.M. the troops were massed on Pennsylvania Ave. below the Capitol. Thousands of Civil Service employees spilled out of work and lined the streets to watch. The veterans, assuming the military display was in their honor, cheered. Suddenly Patton’s troopers turned and charged. “Shame, Shame” the spectators cried. Soldiers with fixed bayonets followed, hurling tear gas into the crowd.

By nightfall the BEF [Bonus Expeditionary Force] had retreated across the Anacostia River where Hoover ordered MacArthur to stop. Ignoring the command, the general led his infantry to the main camp. By early morning the 10,000 inhabitants were routed and the camp in flames. Two babies died and nearby hospitals overwhelmed with casualties. Eisenhower later wrote, “the whole scene was pitiful. The veterans were ragged, ill-fed, and felt themselves badly abused. To suddenly see the whole encampment going up in flames just added to the pity.”